TECHNOLOGY 1 _ ELEMENTS: SPACE, MATERIAL, STRUCTURE
Architect, from Greek arkhi "chief"; and tekton "builder, carpenter", refers us from its etymology, on the one hand, to the definition of the architect as “master builder” and, on the other, to architecture as a practice rooted on traditional wood construction. From both perspectives, the figure of the architect recalls that of a leader with the capacity and the technical knowledge required to integrate and coordinate the different disciplines involved in the construction of harmonic buildings. However, this tectonic model also implies an idea of space that emerges as a result of assembling the discrete elements that constitute the building structure. From this point of view, the figure of the architect evokes, in addition, that of a “space builder” and, thus, the conceptualization and materialization of spaces with qualities stands at the core of our discipline. Accordingly, the building’s structure is not conceived in terms of purely functional optimization but, otherwise, as a material system that articulates and enhances the spatial concept. In this context, matter becomes the abstract instance that contains and distributes forces to the building supports but, also, a technical instance that unfolds multiple technologies and processes. Those include the use and reinterpretation of construction techniques grounded on the specific tradition of the cultural context in which they operate. Hence, the essential dialog established between space and structure ignites through the coherent articulation of material processes and the role of the architect builds upon the fundamental relationships between space, material and structure.
Stereotomic architecture is the one in which gravity is transmitted in a continuous manner. “It is a continuous structural system in which the constructive continuity is absolute”. On the contrary, in tectonic architecture the gravity is transmitted in a discontinuous manner. “It is a structural system with nodes and joints where the construction is conceived in an articulated form”.
Alberto Campo Baeza. De la cueva a la cabaña. 2003
SKIN + SKELETON
2D + 3D